AGRICULTURAL REFORM

THE REFORM OF AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS IN

IVORY COAST

AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS IN CÔTE D'IVOIRE (BRIEF DATA)

Ivorian performances The Ivory Coast has established good performances in the export of its main agricultural raw materials! International sales of cotton, rubber, coffee, cocoa are up, according to provisional port data. More specifically, between the beginning of the year and the end of August, Côte d'Ivoire exported 64,474 tonnes of coffee beans, up 45% compared to figures for the same period last year, Les The world's largest producer of cocoa beans totaled 1,534,427 tonnes, an increase of 9% over last year over the same period from October 1 - the start of the season - to the end of August (the cocoa marketing season ends the following month, in September). Over the same period, the sale of semi-finished cocoa products stood at 412,577 t and increased by 4%. As for natural rubber, the country, the leading African producer, exported 497,434 tonnes over the same period from January 1 to August 31. An increase of 9% compared to last year which is explained by the attraction of farmers in favor of more stable incomes over the year than cocoa, for example. Finally, in this Annus horribilis, which saw cotton prices drop by 25% on international markets, 313,448 t left Ivorian ports between January and August. An increase of 6%, Recall that Côte d'Ivoire represents almost half (44%) of WAEMU exports in 2018, a trend that should be confirmed with the announcement of these good results. The country's main customers are Europe (Netherlands, Germany, France), the United States, Vietnam and West Africa (Burkina Faso, Mali). The very good export results should also strengthen the country's trade balance, which is in surplus but in free fall compared to 2017.

Financial impacts with Europe

Côte d'Ivoire exports around € 4 billion (FCFA 2.623 billion) to the European Union (EU) and imports around € 2 billion (FCFA 1,311 billion), giving a trade surplus of almost € 2 billion, Cocoa and cashew represent "more than 80% of exports are linked to these two agricultural speculations". Côte d'Ivoire benefits from the Interim Economic Partnership Agreement signed between the EU and the Ivorian State. This trade agreement allows the country to continue to access the European market without tax and without quota.

Insufficient mechanization and transformation

The Ivorian authorities and experts agree on the need to head for mechanized farming, after several decades of rudimentary farming.

In their opinion, this constitutes the fundamental condition for meeting the challenge of much-desired food self-sufficiency. It's time to replace machetes and dabas with tractors and other machinery. This has the advantages of going fast, producing in quantity and in quality.

By achieving productive agriculture through mechanization, the problem of food self-sufficiency will thus be resolved.

Regarding processing, the Ivorian authorities urge the private sector to invest in agricultural products, which remains the poor relation of the sector's value chain in Côte d'Ivoire. Production today is no longer lacking. What is lacking is its transformation.

Agriculture is a value chain, namely the production, enhancement, transformation and marketing of products,